Zawiera: Law and Psychology: Issues for Today // Breaking Down the Barriers // Therapeutic Jurisprudence: Enhancing the Relationship Between Law and Psychology // Legal Decision Making: Psychological Reality Meets Legal Idealism // Can Cognitive Neuroscience Make Psychology a Foundational Discipline for the Study of Law? // How Psychology is Changing the Punishment Theory Debate // Modelling Systematic Communication Differences between Law and Science // Cognitive Errors, Individual Differences, and Paternalism // Developmentally Appropriate Interview Techniques // Nothing But the Truth: Achieving Best Evidence Through Interviewing in the Forensic Setting // Lie Detection Assessments as Evidence in Criminal Courts // Towards a Broader Perspective on the Problem of Mistaken Identification: Police Decision-Making and Identification Procedures // Child Witness Testimony: What Do We Know and Where Are We Going? // The Controversy over Psychological Evidence in Family Law Cases // Domestic Violence and Child Protection: Can Psychology Inform Legal Decisions? // Legal and Psychological Approaches to Understanding Domestic Violence for American Indian Women // Worlds Colliding: Legal Regulation and Psychologists' Evidence about Workplace Bullying // Psychology, Law, and Murders of Gay Men: Responding to Homosexual Advances // Trial by Jury Involving Persons Accused of Terrorism or Supporting Terrorism // Illuminating or Blurring the Truth:1 Jurors, Juries, and Expert Evidence // Conflicts over Territory: Anti-Social Behaviour Legislation and Young People // Psychology as Reconstituted by Education and Law: The Case of Children with Autism // The Construction of Memory through Law and Law's Responsiveness to Children // A Dual Process that Disables the Persuasive Impact of Mass Media Appeals to Obey Tax Laws // Consumer Bankruptcy Reform and the Heuristic Borrower // Regulating Prostitution // Psychoanalysis and the Nazis.
Tekst w języku angielskim.
Streszczenie: Current Legal Issues, like its sister volume Current Legal Problems, is based upon an annual colloquium held at University College London. Each year, leading scholars from around the world gather to discuss the relationship between law and another discipline of thought. Each colloquium examines how the external discipline is conceived in legal thought and argument, how the law is pictured in that discipline, and analyses points of controversy in the use, and abuse, of extra-legal arguments within legal theory and practice. Law and Psychology, the latest volume in the Current Legal Issues series, contains a broad range of essays by scholars interested in the interactions between law and psychology. The volume includes studies of jury trials in terrorism cases, psychological evidence in family law cases, child witness testimony, and the role of psychology in punishment theory. [za Wydawcą]
Zawiera: In Island Shattered // Nature's Hazards // The Story of Vulnerability // Vulnerability by Choice // Making the Choice // Making the Change.
Tekst w języku angielskim.
Streszczenie: An earthquake shatters Haiti and a hurricane slices through Texas. We hear that nature runs rampant, seeking to destroy us through these 'natural disasters'. Science recounts a different story, however: disasters are not the consequence of natural causes; they are the consequence of human choices and decisions. we put ourselves in harm's way; we fail to take measures which we know would prevent disasters, no matter what the environment does. This can be both hard to accept, and hard to unravel. A complex of factors shape disasters. They arise from the political processes dictating where and what we build, and from social circumstances which create and perpetuate poverty and discrimination. They develop from the social preference to blame nature for the damage wrought, when in fact events such as earthquakes and storms are entirely commonplace environmental processes We feel the need to fight natural forces, to reclaim what we assume is ours, and to protect ourselves from what we perceive to be wrath from outside our communities. This attitude distracts us from the real causes of disasters: humanity's decisions, as societies and as individuals. It stops us accepting the real solutions to disasters: making better decisions. This book explores stories of some of our worst disasters to show how we can and should act to stop people dying when nature unleashes its energies. The disaster is not the tornado, the volcanic eruption, or climate change, but the deaths and injuries, the loss of irreplaceable property, and the lack and even denial of support to affected people, so that a short-term interruption becomes a long-term recovery nightmare. But we can combat this, as Kelman shows, describing inspiring examples of effective human action that limits damage, such as managing flooding in Toronto and villages in Bangladesh, or wildfire in Colorado. Throughout, his message is clear: there is no such thing as a natural disaster. The disaster lies in our inability to deal with the environment and with ourselves.
Streszczenie: Przedstawiono konceptualizm zmiany klimatu i jego główne czynniki. Opisano zmiany klimatu w kontekście międzynarodowych praw człowieka oraz działania zapobiegawcze przed skutkami zmian klimatu oraz zadania instytucji rządowych.
Streszczenie: [Traktaty UE z zakresu ubezpieczeń społecznych, rolnictwa, transportu, polityki ekonomicznej i monetarnej, kultury, przemysłu, ochrony środowiska. Protokoły i deklaracje UE. Przedstawiono opublikowane dokumenty legislacyjne. Opisano historię UE, aż do dziś.]